The Russian counterattack of December 1941 used troops trained and equipped to operate in the sub-zero conditions. German commanders were badly shaken, and Hitler assumed personal command of the army, ordering his men to hold on regardless of cost.
A nation at war: members of the Moscow Young Communists digging an anti-tank ditch outside the Russian capital.
German prisoners captured during the Russian winter offensive. It is unlikely that any of the soldiers depicted here survived the war.